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In 1537 a.d. the Turks declared war against Venice and the leader of the turkish fleet called Varvarosa literally destroyed and burned Aegina. Hence it would follow that the war lasted from soon after 507 BC until the congress at the, It is only for two years (491 and 490 BC) out of the twenty-five that any details are given. Episode 2: Unearthing Ancient Warriors. Aegina, which was on friendly terms with Sparti, allied with Korinthos in 459 b.c. Ancient Aegina was an affluent state with considerable power and influence over the entire Mediterranean from Neolithic times all the way through the Classical era. The first inhabitants came from Peloponnisos. Aegina coin type, incuse skew pattern. The influential Leoussi family originated on the isle of Aegina; their ancestry can be traced as far back as the 15th century. Panoramic Views & Nightly Feasting On arriving in Aegina, probably on 19 April 1811, with his friends Haller, Linckh and Foster, Cockerell writes: “The port is very picturesque. Aegina, Tombstone of a young man, holding a bird Aegina is a stony, infertile island with a surface of just over eighty square kilometers, south of Athens and east of Corinth in the Saronic Gulf. On the Aegina Greece map you can see that ferries go between Aegina and Piraeus. Credit: Paula Tsoni/Greek Reporter Members of the Amphictyony were Ermioni, Poros, Epidayros, Aegina, Prasies, Athens and Orxomenos. If you’re staying in Athens you can take the ‘three islands’ tour, a one day boat trip which visits the islands of Poros, Aegina and Hydra. "Building an Ancient Greek Temple" Image Credit: Athens Insiders Today, they are among the few surviving proofs of antiquity and are on the terrace amidst the ruins of the ancient temple. His parents, Dimos and Maria Kephalas, were pious Christians but not wealthy. During the period of 2000-16000 b.c., the people of Aegina started to be very good in trading and shipping. This city is the site of various temples constructed during the 5th century BC. The power of Ancient Greece On your trip to Aegina, you’ll come across the well-preserved columns of the Temple of Aphaia, predating the Parthenon. The Amphictyony helped solve differences that they might have had between them as well as comercial transactions. In Kolona, there were beautiful houses, public buildings, churches and thetown was very well fortified. Aegina is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 27 kilometres (17 miles) from Athens. In the 6th century there was the raid from the Avarous and then during the 9th century a.d. the raid that was carried out by the Sarakinon pirates which forced the inhaditants to leave and go to the coastal regions, where they built Palaioxora. According to tradition, the island is named for Aegina, the mother of Aeacus, who was born on and ruled the island. So Aegina, after having temporary rise during the period when it was the capital, it came back to the peaceful life of a provincial city. Occupied in the Neolithic; perhaps from the east, because the name Aegina looks Anatolian the people of Aegina made their own silver coins. Aegina, island, one of the largest in the Saronic group of Greece, about 16 miles (26 km) south-southwest of Piraeus. Aegina is an island city which is separated from the coastal area of ancient Greece. Aegina has two major archaeological sites, the Temple of Aphaia, and Kolona. They came from Thessalia and they set up the Temple of Zeus. Ancient Greek Temple of Aphaia . From the last prehistoric years up to the 5th century b.c., it reached its heyday. In this quick read about Ancient Greece, you'll discover some wonderfully quirky aspects to the daily life of people who lived thousands of years ago. Around 500 b.c. the Athenians sended off to Peloponnisians the people of Aegina and they brought Athenians to the island. Welcome to Aegina Beyond its bustling port, Aegina has the seductive, easygoing character of a typical Greek island, but with the added bonus of more than its fair share of prestigious ancient sites. Aegina Healing inspires you to ignite your light, heal and create magic. The Athenians forced Aegina to pull down the walls, to hand over its hsips and the people of Aegina were obliged to pay taxes. About 950 b.c., the Dorians came to the island and around the 7th century,Aegina along with Poros and five other cities take part in the Amphictyony of Kalayrias. 105, 108, ii. Circa 456/45–431 BC. Late, around 133 b.c. While the temple of Aphaia is the most popular destination of the island, the ancient ruins to the north of Aegina town, at Kolonna, are a testament to the long history of the island. During the war in Peloponnisos (431-404 b.c.) The Municipality of Aegina – official website, Site for visitors and tourists run by the Municipality of Aegina, Map of Ancient Greece (includes Aegina Island), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aegina&oldid=1004302131#History, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Greece, Populated places in Islands (regional unit), Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Articles with French-language sources (fr), All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Herodotus nowhere states or implies that peace was concluded between the two states before 481 BC, nor does he distinguish between different wars during this period. After 400 a.d. many of the people in Peloponnisos went to Aegina to escape from the Gothians and the Evoulians raids. From 1715 to 1821, there is the second turkish domination till the revolution in 1821 in which Aegina played an important role. Aegina Tourism: Tripadvisor has 18,265 reviews of Aegina Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Aegina resource. . Ancient Greek Coin- Aegina's Turtle One of the most important coin of the Antiquity was the “Aegina’s turtle”. Early History. Beyond, they testify to the construction of the ancient temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina, about 2,500 years ago. Epidauros, Nauplio, Mycenae, Sounion, Aegina. These ancient cities started producing coins from 550 BC to 510 BC. Due to these comercial transactions,in 650 b.c. In 1829 the capital was transferred to Nafplio and the population of Aegina was decreased significantly. When the war ended, Lissandros brought back the people of Aegina to their land. Now it’s authentically Greek, bustling narrow lanes, small shops and tavernas, a harbour crowded with colourful boats, horse and carriage rides along the waterfront and a single column from an ancient temple to Apollo, god of many things including music and healing. This map was created by a user. In 1828 it became the first capital of Greece and Jonh Kapodistrias was the first governor. ς Ν. Aegina is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, 17 miles (27 km) from Athens. Thucydides i. Ηρημωμένη ελληνική πόλις", Νέος Ελληνομνήμων Κ΄ (1926), p. 363–365. Long ago, Aegina Town, the main port, was one of the wealthiest towns in Greece. 27, iv. The Athenians did not like this and attacked the fleet of Aegina and won the battle. The fleet of King of Pergamos and the Romans' fleet besieged, won and took over the city which they pillaged and destroyed. The island of Aegina is one of the most popular tourist destinations as it is the closest island to Athens (only 16.5 nautical miles from the port of Piraeus). There is a small museum on the site that we went through in about 4 minutes, though someone with a deeper interest in antiquities than my daughter and I might be able to spend a longer time examining the ancient pottery that has been found in the area. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Only a few churches in Palaioxora managed to save. The people of Aegina fought at the Xani of Gravias, in the battle of the SAint Mount, in Faliro and with Faviero they helped suply Acropolis. The colonization of the island continued with the Aegians during the early age of Copper (2500-2000 b.c.). 56, 57. The first turkish domination lasted from 1540 to 1687 a.d. Later on, the Venetians took back Aegina, the trade was revived and the economy improved. Imagine experiencing the glory of Ancient Greece in the most unique way possible. It’s a very attractive island, and and has two sites of interest if you’re one of those visitors who can’t get enough of ancient Greece! Aegina, Greece (c) Linda Garrison. The most impressive archaeological site of the island is the Ancient Temple of Athena Aphaia, dating back to the 6th century BC. According to the myth, the island took its name from a nymph, daughter of the river god Asopos, whom Zeus fell in love with and took with him to the island! Aegina monopolized in the trade of the East Mediterranean and Eyxinos Pontos and it reached the highest point in power and wealth. Aegina. In 480 b.c. Karadima and others settled at Mesagro and they made a living from farming. The … Aegina was a major power in the classical Greek times and for a period Athens main competitor. The Athenians forced Aegina to pull down the walls, to hand over its hsips and the people of Aegina were obliged to pay taxes. Anastasios Kephalas, later Nectarios, was born on 1 October 1846 in Selymbria (today Silivri, Istanbul) in the Ottoman Empire to a poor family. They besieged and took over the town in a few months. It is improbable that Athens would have sent twenty vessels to the aid of the Ionians in 499 BC if at the time it was at war with Aegina. The different findings in the area of Kolona as well as other areas show that the first inhabitants in Aegina appeared in the second half of the 4th millennium b.c. After Alexandro's death, Aegina belonged to the Axaiki Simpoliteia. Findings that were left, were taken from Aegina. There she gave birth to Aecus, the first king of the island and grandfather of the famous Trojan hero, Achilles. The Temple of Aphaia was built in 480 BC, around the time of Aegina's greatest wealth. Aegina and vicinity. During the 6th century b.c., Aegina had law-courts and a doctor. the Athenians sended off to Peloponnisians the people of Aegina and they brought Athenians to the island. The sanctuary was dedicated to the cult of Aphaia, a local deity later assimilated by Athena. This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 23:38. (3500-3000 b.c.). It’s a triangular city. We went on at once from the town to the temple of Jupiter [Aphaia], which stands at some distance above it; and having got together workmen to help us … Aegina is also an island with a glorious historical past, as it used to be one of the most important islands of ancient Greece, so it’s not a surprise that sightseeing is one of the best things to do in Aegina! According to ancient mythology, Aegina owes its name to the nymph Aegina, daughter of the river god Asopus, who Zeus seduced and took on the island of Aegina, then called Oenone. It is the more remarkable that no incidents are recorded in the period between the battles of. Aegina, Islands off Attica, Greece. Find the perfect ancient aegina greece stock photo. A statue in the principal square commemorates. Tradition derives the name from Aegina, the mother of the hero Aeacus, who was born on the island and became its king. It had a military port and a commercial port and its population consisted of 40.000 citizens that they were free and 400.000 slaves. Aegina, the island where this treasure hoard was found, is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece about 17 miles from Athens. It is one of Greece's best preserved temples in the Doric style and the most important … Miller William, "Η Παληαχώρα της Αιγίνης. The people of Aegina didn't take advantage of the naval battle in Salamina nor did they increase their power. Pergamos bequeathed Aegina to the Romans who lead the island to decline. It became the Acropolis of the island surrounded with strong walls. There is an incidental indication of time, which indicates the period after Marathon as the true date for the events which are referred by Herodotus to the year before Marathon, viz. On one side of the coins was the image of a turtle which was a characteristic for God Poseidon. It’s not a bad way to spend a day, although you definitely feel like a package tourist. :BiblioNet : Ανεμομυλικά ΙΙ / Κουμανούδης, Ιωάννης Ν. The population increased, the city was rebuilt and the trade was revived. The Amphictyony was at first religious and then it became a political federetion. Besides the unmissable landmark of Kolona, at the foot of the Acropolis of Aegina, lie the semi-submerged ruins of one of the most important military harbors of ancient Greece, referred to by 2nd century AD historian Pausanias as the secret harbor -“kryptos limin”, in classical Greek. The Inspirational Travel Guide of Aegina island | former AeginaGreece.com Aegina Healing introduces you to the energy of Aegina island. They settled in Kolona and they were occuried with shipping and trade. It’s also nice to travel out of Athens and escape to this nearby island for a … Aegina could compete with big cities in Mikra Asia that were based on trade. Around 1400-1300 b.c., the Mirmidones settled down in the area of Oros. Aegina Ancient Ruins: See reviews and photos of ancient ruins in Aegina, Greece on Tripadvisor. For the criticism of Herodotus's account of the relations of Athens and Aegina. No need to register, buy now! Learn how to create your own. The coin itself is not very attractive as a first impression, yet it is one of the most important coins in history, with a same impact on the economical life … This city is the site of many tourist attractions. they took part in the naval battle in Salanima along with the other Greeks against the Persians. The ancient Temple of Aphaea on the island of Aegina is one of the most important and picturesque temples in Greece. The former is of high significance and beauty even for those who have a passing interest in ancient Greece, while the former is a bit harder to decipher without a bit of background. Other settled at Lofo of Kolona and they made a living from shipping as they had a port at the bay of. Due to its preculiar territory, the biggest part of Aegina suffered many raids. Aecus renamed the island Aegina, in honor of his mother. Many of these facts about Greek civilization come to us through the observations of contemporary thinkers and philosophers. The site itself was the location of an important ancient sanctuary which dates back far into antiquity. During ancient times Aegina was a rival to Athens, the great sea power of the era. During the war in Peloponnisos (431-404 b.c.) During ancient times Aegina was a rival of Athens, the great sea power of the era. Ancient Greece Interesting Facts. Amongst the first centers to produce coins during the Greek colonization of mainland Southern Italy (Magna Graecia) were Paestum, Crotone, Sybaris, Caulonia, Metapontum, and Taranto. the thirty years that were to elapse between the dedication of the precinct to Aeacus and the final victory of Athens. With an area of about 32 square miles (83 square km), it is an eparkhía (eparchy) of the nomós (department) of Piraeus. Rising out of a pine forest above the bay of Agia Marina, the peaceful setting invites you to sit and ponder the ancient triangle connecting this temple with the Temple of Poseidon at Sounio and the Parthenon – a symbol … When the crusaders took over Konstantinoupolis (1204), Aegina was given to the Venetians. From 734to 459 b.c. Aegina is a Greek island set in the Saronic gulf a short distance from Athens. 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